Dharani, Punithan, and R. I. McKay. “Evolutionary dynamics and ecosystems feedback in two dimensional daisyworld.” In ALIFE 2012: The Thirteenth International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems , pp. 91-98. MIT Press, 2012.
We introduce replicator-mutator mechanisms from evolutionary dynamics into a two-dimensional daisyworld model, thereby coupling evolutionary changes with daisyworld’s bidirectional feedback between biota and environment. Daisyworld continues to self-regulate in the presence of these evolutionary forces. The most interesting behaviours, exhibiting a complex and dynamic dance through space and time in species’ abundance, emerges through the introduction of additive spatio-temporal random perturbations in the form of thermal noise. The balance between ecosystem feedback and fluctuations in the ecosystem determines the spatial coexistence of domains of dominance between daisy species and
their mutants or adaptants.